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B-Flat Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by an unknown maker around 1940-1950. It is a B-flat trumpet made of plated brass. This student model or beginners trumpet is inscribed “STUDENT” on the bell.

Zazvonil C Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Jindrich Zazvonil in Kladno, Bohemia (Czech Republic) around 1909-1920. It is C trumpet made of brass with nickel silver bell garland and trim and has 3 Viennese-style double piston side-played valves. This trumpet is engraved:

J. ZAZVONIL - KLADNO.

Uhlmann D Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Leopold Uhlmann (1806-1878) in Vienna about 1840. It is a D trumpet made of brass with a nickel silver bell garland, and three Viennese style double piston valves. It’s likely that this trumpet was an early type of piccolo trumpet developed for clarino parts. This trumpet is engraved:

Leopold Uhlmann K:K:priv: Instrumenten fabrik in Wien

Leopold Uhlmann apprenticed with his father, Johann, in Vienna and studied horn at the Vienna Conservatory. Uhlmann received a patent for his improvements for double piston valves in 1830. He made instruments until his death in 1878, and his firm was continued by his son until about 1900.

English G Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by an unknown maker in England, around 1833 to 1837. It is a G trumpet made of brass with two ivory topped Stölzel model piston valves and accessioned with four crooks, in E-flat, F, D, and C.

Heinrich David Stölzel (1777-1844) was born in Scheeberg, Germany and was a horn player who developed some of the first valves for brass instruments. Stölzel developed this type of valve around 1814.

Cortois Slide Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Antoine Courtois in Paris around 1844-1856. It is an F slide trumpet made of silver plated brass with a double clock spring and four crooks, tuning bit and four mouthpieces and accessioned with a period wooden case. This trumpet was sold through Jullien & Co. in London. The bell is inscribed:

Approved by [/] HERR KOENIG [/] ANTOINE COURTOIS [/] BREVETE [/] FACTEUR DU CONSERVOIRE IMPERIAL [/] RU DU CAIRE 21 PARIS [/] JULLIEN & Co. [/] Sole Agents [/] 214 Regent Ste. [/] London.

The Courtois firm was founded by Antoine’s father in rue Mazarine in Paris, 1789. Around 1803, Antoine Courtois (1770-1855) relocated the firm to 21, rue du Caire. In 1851, Antoine’s son, Denis A. Courtois became the successor of the company and by 1856 moved the firm to 88, rue des Marais. The Courtois firm became a prominent brass instrument maker and continued after the death of Denis in 1880 with various owners.

Wright & Baldwin F Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Wright & Baldwin in Boston, Massachusetts about 1845. It is an F trumpet made of brass with three Viennese double piston valves. This trumpet is of an unusual design, known as an Old Mainz Model, is played with the body of the trumpet above the fingering levers. This trumpet is engtraved:

Wright & Baldwin [/] Makers-Boston

Elbridge G. Wright (1811-1871) started his musical instrument firm in Boston in 1841. This trumpet is one of the few instruments made during Wright’s brief partnership with Baldwin in 1845.

Marceau B-Flat Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet is marked “Marceau” and made in Czechoslovakia late 1930s - early 1940s. It is a B-flat trumpet made of silver-plated brass with three piston valves. The bore of this trumpet closely resembled that of a cornet. This trumpet is engraved:

MARCEAU [//] CZECHOSLOVAKIA

Marceau is a Trade name used by Sears Roebuck & Co.

English F Slide Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by an unknown maker in England around 1825 to 1827. It is an F slide trumpet made of copper and brass with silver garnishes and a heavily chased silver ball. The trumpet features a double clock slide spring mechanism.

This trumpet was previously owned by Philadelphia composer and musician John T. Norton, a Professor of Trumpet at the Royal Academy of Music, who emigrated from London to the United States in 1827. W.G. Armstrong in his book, “A Record of Opera in Philadelphia,” indicates Norton’s first appearance in Philadelphia was at the King’s Theatre. Norton also performed with traveling opera troupes in New Orleans and New York.

Calicchio B-Flat Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Made by Dominic Calicchio in Los Angeles, California around 1954 to 1956. It is a B-flat trumpet, serial #1520, made of brass with 3 piston valves. This trumpet is engraved:

D. CALICCHIO [/] LOS ANGELES, CALIF.

Dominic Calicchio (1901-1979) was born in Italy and emigrated to the United States in the 1920s. Calicchio learned his trade at the Rudy Muck brass factory in New York and around 1927, moved to California to make trumpets. During his career, Calicchio made almost two thousand trumpets.

In 1973, a documentary The Last Trumpet Maker, featuring the career of Dominic Calicchio, was made by K. H. Dempwolf, S. Marc Tapper, and Donald C. Fergus.

Hirsbrunner G Circular Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Hirsbrunner in Sumiswald, Switzerland around 1800 to 1825. It is a G circular trumpet made of brass with an F crook, lead pipe, and mouthpiece. This compressed trumpet model, known as a stopftrompete, has a tuning slide in the center of the coil similar to a cor d’orchestre of the period.

The Hirsbrunner firm was founded by Christian Hirsbrunner in the late 18th century. The company continued with Hirsbrunner family members and still makes musical instruments to this day.

U.S. Army Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Klemm & Brothers. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. around 1879 to 1891. It is an F natural trumpet made of brass brass, with a double coil and bell garland. This trumpet is stamped:

KLEMM & BRO. [/] PHILAD

This is a standard military trumpet, made according to Specification No. 38, dated February 15th, 1879, “Specifications for Trumpets,” Quartermaster General’s Office, War Department:

“For all foot troops -- To be the same as standard sample brass trumpet ’F,’ two (2) coil, and with two (2) mouthpieces. When complete, with mouth-piece in, to weigh about twelve and a half (12 ½) ounces, and to measure about sixteen (16) inches in length, and about four and a half (4 ½) inches in width at center. Diameter of bell to be about four and a half (4 ½) inches.”

German B-Flat Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by an unknown maker in Germany around 1910-1913. It is an E-flat trumpet made of brass with nickel silver trim and has three rotary valves.

According to the accession paperwork, this trumpet was one of 12 instruments captured from the Jäger-Regiment zu Pferde Nr. 8 (Eighth Jaeger German Mounted Band) during WWI.

Hörth E-Flat Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Franz Hörth in Saarbrücken, Germany in 1913. It is an E-flat trumpet made of brass with nickel silver trim and has three mechanical rotary valves. This trumpet is engraved:

Franz Hörth Saarbrucken. Jager Regt. z. Pferde No. 8 1913

According to the accession paperwork, this trumpet was one of 12 instruments captured from the Jäger-Regiment zu Pferde Nr. 8 (Eighth Jaeger German Mounted Band) during WWI.

Franz Hörth (also spelled Hoerth) (1862-1932) founded his musical instrument firm in what was known as St. Johann in 1898. This small fishing village merged with two other villages to form Saarbrücken around 1909. Hörth’s son-in-law Richard Wolff became manager of the company around 1921, then known as “Franz Hoerth, metal and wood instrument maker, musical instruments and talking machines."

Hörth E-Flat Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Franz Hörth in Saarbrücken, Germany in 1913. It is an E-flat trumpet made of brass with nickel silver trim and has three mechanical rotary valves. This trumpet is engraved:

Franz Hörth Saarbrucken. Jager Regt. z. Pferde No.8 1913

According to the accession paperwork, this trumpet was one of 12 instruments captured from the Jäger-Regiment zu Pferde Nr. 8 (Eighth Jaeger German Mounted Band) during WWI.

Franz Hörth (also spelled Hoerth) (1862-1932) founded his musical instrument firm in what was known as St. Johann in 1898. This small fishing village merged with two other villages to form Saarbrücken around 1909. Hörth’s son-in-law Richard Wolff became manager of the company around 1921, then known as “Franz Hoerth, metal and wood instrument maker, musical instruments and talking machines."

Hörth B-Flat Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Franz Hörth in Saarbrücken, Germany in 1913. It is a B-flat trumpet made of brass with nickel silver trim and has three mechanical rotary valves. This trumpet is engraved:

Franz Horth Saarbrucken. Jager Regt. z. Pferde No.8 1913

According to the accession paperwork, this trumpet was one of 12 instruments captured from the Jäger-Regiment zu Pferde Nr. 8 (Eighth Jaeger German Mounted Band) during WWI.

Franz Hörth (also spelled Hoerth) (1862-1932) founded his musical instrument firm in what was known as St. Johann in 1898. This small fishing village merged with two other villages to form Saarbrücken around 1909. Hörth’s son-in-law Richard Wolff became manager of the company around 1921, then known as “Franz Hoerth, metal and wood instrument maker, musical instruments and talking machines."

Hörth E-Flat Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Franz Hörth in Saarbrücken, Germany in 1913. It is an E-flat trumpet made of brass with nickel silver trim and has three mechanical rotary valves. This trumpet is engraved:

Franz Hörth Saarbrucken. Jager Regt. z. Pferde No.8 1913

According to the accession paperwork, this trumpet was one of 12 instruments captured from the Jäger-Regiment zu Pferde Nr. 8 (Eighth Jaeger German Mounted Band) during WWI.

Franz Hörth (also spelled Hoerth) (1862-1932) founded his musical instrument firm in what was known as St. Johann in 1898. This small fishing village merged with two other villages to form Saarbrücken around 1909. Hörth’s son-in-law Richard Wolff became manager of the company around 1921, then known as “Franz Hoerth, metal and wood instrument maker, musical instruments and talking machines."

Hörth B-Flat Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Franz Hörth in Saarbrücken, Germany in 1913. It is a B-flat trumpet made of brass with nickel silver trim and has three mechanical rotary valves.This trumpet is engraved:

Franz Hörth Saarbrucken. Jager Regt. z. Pferde No.8 1913

According to the accession paperwork, this trumpet was one of 12 instruments captured from the Jäger-Regiment zu Pferde Nr. 8 (Eighth Jaeger German Mounted Band) during WWI.

Franz Hörth (also spelled Hoerth) (1862-1932) founded his musical instrument firm in what was known as St. Johann in 1898. This small fishing village merged with two other villages to form Saarbrücken around 1909. Hörth’s son-in-law Richard Wolff became manager of the company around 1921, then known as “Franz Hoerth, metal and wood instrument maker, musical instruments and talking machines."

Hörth E-Flat Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Franz Hörth in Saarbrücken, Germany in 1913. It is an E-flat trumpet made of brass with nickel silver trim and has three mechanical rotary valves. This trumpet is engraved:

Franz Hörth Saarbrucken. Jager Regt. z. Pferde No.8 1913

According to the accession paperwork, this trumpet was one of 12 instruments captured from the Jäger-Regiment zu Pferde Nr. 8 (Eighth Jaeger German Mounted Band) during WWI.

Franz Hörth (also spelled Hoerth) (1862-1932) founded his musical instrument firm in what was known as St. Johann in 1898. This small fishing village merged with two other villages to form Saarbrücken around 1909. Hörth’s son-in-law Richard Wolff became manager of the company around 1921, then known as “Franz Hoerth, metal and wood instrument maker, musical instruments and talking machines."

Wittman E-Flat Natural Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Christian Wittmann (died ca. 1807) in Nuremberg around 1781-1807. It is an E-flat natural trumpet made of brass with one coil and brass ferrules and ball decorated with engraved lines. This trumpet is engraved:

MACHT CHRISTIAN [/] WITTMANN IN NURNB [/] C * W

Frank E-Flat Natural Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Johann Christoph Frank in Nuremberg, Germany around 1777-1818. It is an E-flat natural trumpet made of brass with a brass ball and blue and white cord with two tassels. The bell is engraved:

Johann Christoph Frank [/] Fabricant in Nürnberg

Wenzel Stowassers Söhne B-Flat Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Wenzel Stowaasers Söhne in Graslitz (Kraslice) in Bohemia around 1873 to 1900. It is a B-flat trumpet made of brass with nickel silver trim, with three rotary valves with mother-of-pearl inlays on the finger levers. This trumpet is engraved:

W Stowassers [/] Söhne [/] Graslitz

Wenzel Stowasser started making brass instruments in 1824 in Graslitz. After his death in 1860, the firm was continued by his sons Josef, Julius, and Richard as W. Stowaasers Söhne.

Charles Pace F Slide Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Charles Pace in London, England, around 1834-1849. It is an F slide trumpet made of copper with brass trim, with double clock springs. The garnishes and bell garland are decorated with repoussé designs with trumpet and drum designs on the garnishes. Accessioned with six tuning bits and four crooks. This trumpet is engraved:

C. Pace [/] Maker [/] London

Charles Pace (1803-1867) started a brass instrument firm with his brother Frederick at 2 Lower Crown Street as musical instrument makers “to her Majesty’s Guards,” in 1820. From 1833 until 1854 Charles Pace’s shop was at 49 King Street, Westminster.

Getzen B-Flat Slide Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Getzen Company, Inc. in Elkhorn, Wisconsin in 1963. It is a B-flat slide trumpet made of brass and nickel plate. This instrument is really a soprano trombone but sold as a slide trumpet by the manufacturer. This trumpet is engraved:

Getzen [/] DELUXE [/] ELKHORN [/] -WIS-

A 1959 Getzen advertisement for this instrument, with the endorsement of American jazz trumpeter Bobby Hackett indicates, “Cornet players…trumpet players…trombone players…beginners too - for those new effects that are impossible with any other instrument, get this sensational musical instrument, same true tone as ANY trumpet, with full range and accurate A-440 pitch. Ruggedly built of brass, polished and lacquered, Getzen-guaranteed…Easy to play-learn quickly with furnished instruction book.

Same slide principle as standard trombone, with slide positions plainly marked on outside slide. Lightning action, tunable, any mouthpiece fits. At music dealers, or write us.”

This instrument originally sold for $19.95.

Getzen B-Flat Slide Trumpet

National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
This trumpet was made by Getzen Company, Inc. in Elkhorn, Wisconsin in 1963. It is a B-flat slide trumpet made of brass and nickel plate. This instrument is really a soprano trombone but sold as a slide trumpet by the manufacturer. It is engraved:

GETZEN [/] ELKHORN [/] -WIS-

A 1959 Getzen advertisement for this instrument, with the endorsement of American jazz trumpeter Bobby Hackett indicates, “Cornet players…trumpet players…trombone players…beginners too - for those new effects that are impossible with any other instrument, get this sensational musical instrument, same true tone as ANY trumpet, with full range and accurate A-440 pitch. Ruggedly built of brass, polished and lacquered, Getzen-guaranteed…Easy to play-learn quickly with furnished instruction book.

Same slide principle as standard trombone, with slide positions plainly marked on outside slide. Lightning action, tunable, any mouthpiece fits. At music dealers, or write us.”

This instrument originally sold for $19.95.

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